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No doubt you've heard of these great waterfalls – Niagara, Victoria and Iguazú – so learn more about them and their legends.
One of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, Victoria Falls is known as the world’s largest waterfall. It is neither the highest (Angel Falls) nor the widest (Khone Falls) but it is the largest curtain of falling water in the world.
Source: Zambezi River which rises from shallow marshlands in a high rainfall area 1,524 metres (5,000 feet) above sea level in Zambia.
Largest vertical drop: 108m / 355ft
Width: 1,708m / 5,604ft
Average flow rate: 1,088m3/s (38,430cu ft/s)
Niagara Falls is actually made up of three: the American Falls, the Bridal Veil Falls (the smallest) and the Horseshoe Falls (the largest).
Source: Five of the six Great Lakes. These lakes rely heavily on rain, snow, hail and groundwater for replenishment. Incredibly, the remaining water within the Great Lakes is “fossil water” from the last ice age!
Largest vertical drop: 50m / 165ft
Width: Horseshoe Falls is 792m (2200ft); American Falls is 323m (850ft) and the Bridal Veil Falls is 15m (50ft).
Average flow rate: 2,400m3/s (85,000 cu ft/s)
UNESCO World Heritage-listed and considered the largest waterfall system in the world, the majestic Iguazú Falls is made up of over 275 individual drops, the largest of which is called the Devil’s Throat.
Source: Iguazú River, originating in the Serra do Mar coastal mountains of Brazil.
Largest vertical drop: 82m / 269ft
Width: Total width 2.7 kilometres (1.7 miles)
Average flow rate: 1,756m3/s (62,010 cu ft/s)
Australia’s own Russell Falls, while smaller, is arguably one of the prettiest and is Tasmania’s most photographed falls. Located on the edge of the Southwest Wilderness in Mt Field National Park, this easily accessible tiered cascade waterfall has two drops, the tallest is 58m (190ft).
From (AUD) $8,195
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